Chapter

Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199298006
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603877 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199298009.003.0010

Series: Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series

 Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies

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While institutional reforms are critical for developing countries to enhance and sustain the economic and environmental contributions of their water sector, undertaking them is not an easy task in view of binding technical and political economy constraints. Despite these constraints, reforms of varying degree do occur in the water sector of many developing countries. This chapter attempts to explore the nature and extent of these reforms and constraints as well as the policy lessons that these reform experiences offer by (a) utilizing an institutional transaction cost framework, and (b) relying on stylized facts on water institutional reform observed across countries, empirical evidences on how institutional design and implementation principles are used to circumvent technical and political economy constraints, and case studies on the reform process in country-specific context. The chapter concludes by identifying key implications for both theory and policy that could contribute to international policy dialogue on the interface between institutional reform and water resources management.

Keywords: water crisis; water institutions; institutional linkages; transaction cost theory; political economy; reform design principles; reform implementation principles; India; Mexico

Chapter.  15245 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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