Journal Article

Low-wage employment in America: results from a set of recent industry case studies

Eileen Appelbaum, Annette Bernhardt, Richard J. Murnane and Jeremy A. Weinberg

in Socio-Economic Review

Published on behalf of Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics

Volume 3, issue 2, pages 293-310
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 1475-1461
Published online May 2005 | e-ISSN: 1475-147X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/SER/mwi012
Low-wage employment in America: results from a set of recent industry case studies

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Data from national surveys show the dramatic changes that have taken place in the US wage structure over the past three decades. However, these data provide only very limited information about the complex reasons why those changes have occurred and why there is significant variation in the wages of workers with similar education levels employed in similar industries. Industry case studies, on the other hand, document how firms' responses to economic pressures have affected working conditions, work rules, productivity pressures, skill requirements, and opportunities for training and advancement for workers with less than a 4-year college education. This paper reviews a series of recent case studies on low-wage employment in America funded by the Russell Sage and Rockefeller Foundations, and examines how pressures to cut costs have affected firms' treatment of frontline workers.

Keywords: Wage inequality; low-wage employment; labourmarket institutions; JEL classification: J3, J5, M51, and M54

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy ; Corporate Social Responsibility ; Welfare Economics ; Political Economy ; Economic Sociology

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