Journal Article

Evaluation of chylomicron effect on ASP production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Ying Gao, Danny Gauvreau, Wei Cui, Marc Lapointe, Sabina Paglialunga and Katherine Cianflone

in Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

Published on behalf of Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, SIBS, CAS

Volume 43, issue 2, pages 154-159
Published in print February 2011 | ISSN: 1672-9145
Published online February 2011 | e-ISSN: 1745-7270 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abbs/gmq124
Evaluation of chylomicron effect on ASP production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

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In the past few years, there has been increasing interest in the production and physiological role of acylation-stimulating protein (ASP), identical to C3adesArg, a product of the alternative complement pathway generated through C3 cleavage. Recent studies in C3 (−/−) mice that are ASP deficient have demonstrated a role for ASP in postprandial triglyceride clearance and fat storage. The aim of the present study was to establish a cell model and sensitive ELISA assay for the evaluation of ASP production using 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated into adipocytes, then cultured in different media such as serum-free (SF), Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)/F12 + 10% fetal calf serum (FBS), and at varying concentrations of chylomicrons and insulin + chylomicrons up to 48 h. ASP production in SF and DMEM/F12 + 10% FBS was compared. Chylomicrons stimulated ASP production in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. By contrast, chylomicron treatment had no effect on the production of C3, the precursor protein of ASP, which was constant over 48 h. Addition of insulin (100 nM) to a low-dose of chylomicrons (100 µg TG/ml) significantly increased ASP production compared with chylomicrons alone at 48 h (P < 0.001). Furthermore, addition of insulin significantly increased C3 secretion at both 18 and 48 h of incubation (P < 0.05, P < 0.001, respectively). Overall, the proportion of ASP to C3 remained constant, indicating no change in the ratio of C3 cleaved to generate ASP. This study demonstrated that 3T3-L1 adipocyte is a useful model for the evaluation of C3 secretion and ASP production by using a sensitive mouse-specific ELISA assay. The stimulation of ASP production with chylomicrons demonstrates a physiologically relevant response, and provides a strategy for further studies on ASP production and function.

Keywords: ASP production; 3T3-L1 adipocytes model; ELISA assay

Journal Article.  2876 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Biochemistry

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