Chapter

Spreading

Barak Mendelsohn

in The al-Qaeda Franchise

Published in print January 2016 | ISBN: 9780190205607
Published online April 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190462215 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205607.003.0007
Spreading

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This chapter examines al-Qaeda’s subsequent expansion. It examines al-Qaeda’s branching out to Algeria (2006), Yemen (2007), and Somalia (2010). While in Algeria and Somalia al-Qaeda chose to merge with local jihadi groups—the GSPC and al-Shabab, respectively—in Yemen it launched a branch based on its own cadre of operatives. The author argues that in contrast to al-Qaeda’s early organizational expansion, in this expansion phase it learned from its past mistakes and acted more cautiously. Still, expansion had mixed results, whereas al-Qaeda’s in-house expansion produced a strong and reliable branch, the turning to mergers proved less fruitful and even harmful for al-Qaeda.

Keywords: Algeria; Yemen; Somalia; al-Shabab; GSPC; AQIM

Chapter.  9486 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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