Chapter

Fountain

Paul Stephenson

in The Serpent Column

Published in print September 2016 | ISBN: 9780190209063
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190209087 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190209063.003.0006

Series: Onassis Series in Hellenic Culture

Fountain

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  • Ancient and Classical Art (to 500 CE)
  • Greek and Roman Archaeology

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Surveys the known serpentine fountains of Medieval Constantinople, and relates tales of fantastic fountains from Byzantium and further afield, including at the court of Mongke Khan. Studies the placement of a serpent fountain in scenes depicting the Annunciation to St. Anne and also that of Mary, who is portrayed as the Second Eve. Returns to the theme of temptation, now specifically by three-headed tempters. Returns to the combat myth, now to consider Christian serpent-tramplers and dragon-slayers. Concludes with a discussion of paintings in Cappadocian rock churches that show spiritual warriors and military saints confronting serpents with one, two, or three heads.

Keywords: fountains; fantastic; Annunciation; temptation; tricephalic; serpent-tramplers; dragon-slayers

Chapter.  11914 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient and Classical Art (to 500 CE) ; Greek and Roman Archaeology

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