Chapter

Increments

Emanuel A. Schegloff

in Accountability in Social Interaction

Published in print July 2016 | ISBN: 9780190210557
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190210571 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210557.003.0008

Series: Foundations of Human Interaction

Increments

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Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson (1974) proposed that, upon possible completion of a turn and the attendant opening of a transition place, a selected next speaker had priority rights to talk next, but, if no one had been selected as next speaker, anyone could self-select as next speaker, and the just-prior speaker could elect to “continue.” This chapter extends this work by examining one form of such “continuation” called an “increment,” which involves extending the turn-constructional unit (TCU) that had been brought to possible completion (vs. constructing a new TCU). Increments are grammatically fitted to, or symbiotic with, the prior TCU and, in particular, to its end. This chapter examines characteristics of increments and incrementing, the forms of their host TCUs, the positions in which increments are deployed, some of the actions they implement, and where they “fit” in existing accounts of turn taking, action formation, sequence organization, and repair.

Keywords: conversation analysis; accountability; increment; turn taking; action; sequence; repair

Chapter.  6307 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics ; Psycholinguistics

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