Chapter

Soviet Homeland

Brian Glyn Williams

in The Crimean Tatars

Published in print December 2015 | ISBN: 9780190494704
Published online January 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190494735 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190494704.003.0005
Soviet Homeland

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This chapter recognizes the role that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) played in the shaping and formation of the modern national identity of the Crimean Tatars. It emphasizes how during the first two decades of Communist rule, the Soviet regime actually promoted Crimean Tatar national development, starting with the creation of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR). The body serves as the second highest territorial ranking in the Soviet federal system after the Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR). The formation of this republic served the basis of the creation of an autonomous nation for Crimeans. In their push for autonomy, the Tatars claim that the Crimean Republic was, like all other Soviet autonomous republics, established with the recognition of the territory's indigenous population and the community's unique claim to be its officially recognized korennoi narod (rooted or native people).

Keywords: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; national identity; Crimean Tatars; Communist rule; Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Soviet federal system; autonomous nation; indigenous population

Chapter.  13511 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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