Chapter

Legalism at Home

Benjamin Allen Coates

in Legalist Empire

Published in print August 2016 | ISBN: 9780190495954
Published online June 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190495985 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190495954.003.0004
Legalism at Home

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Chapter 3 examines the creation of the international law profession in the United States, focusing in particular on the American Society of International Law (founded in 1906) and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (founded in 1910). It argues that the agenda of professional organizations reflected legalists’ search for authority in the social, cultural, and ideological context of the early twentieth-century United States. The growth of law schools and the law profession, the nature of legal thought, prevailing racial and gender discourses, and the needs of professionalism all contributed. As a result of this context—and of the important personal influence of James Brown Scott—these organizations came to embrace a judicialist sensibility of international law in the years leading up to World War I. Despite a diversity of personal views, the profession as a whole was congenial to elite interests.

Keywords: James Brown Scott; law school; international law; American Society of International Law; ASIL; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; international court; Christopher Columbus Langdell; American exceptionalism

Chapter.  11743 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic History

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