Chapter

Sardis

Marcus Rautman

in The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Published in print April 2017 | ISBN: 9780190610463
Published online April 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780190610487 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.003.0019
Sardis

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The importance of Byzantine Sardis rests on its literary renown, metropolitan status, and long-term exploration in modern times. As capital of the late antique province of Lydia, the walled city with its major monuments covered more than 120 ha of the acropolis slopes and urban plan. The western bath-gymnasium, along with neighboring streets, houses, and a synagogue, functioned as a civic focus into the early seventh century. The earliest known churches stood outside the city, but a large domed structure built near the urban center probably served as a church in the sixth century. Many of these buildings were abandoned or destroyed during the seventh century. Signs of later activity are limited to an extra-mural church complex and cemetery, where the Laskarid Church E was built around the early 1200s, and the newly fortified acropolis, which remained a place of Byzantine strategic value into the early fourteenth century.

Keywords: Temple church; Houses; Shops; Fortress; Domed church; Burials

Chapter.  2432 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology ; Classical History

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