Chapter

Multiple Causal Pathways and Effect Modification

Noel S. Weiss

in Exercises in Epidemiology

Published in print December 2016 | ISBN: 9780190651510
Published online December 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190651541 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651510.003.0006
Multiple Causal Pathways and Effect Modification

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This chapter introduces the concept of multiple causal pathways and effect modification in epidemiology. Students can practice what they have learned in class with 24 questions based on real-world examples, and then use the corresponding solutions to check their work. Examples include work on risk factors for mortality from hepatocellular carcinoma, knowledge of ABO blood type and prevention of heart disease, smoking and nasopharyngeal cancer, bisphosphonate medications and atypical fracture, HPV vaccines and prevention of anal cancer, obesity and the risk of endometrial cancer, and home modifications and the incidence of falls.

Keywords: Multiple causal pathways; effect modification; exposure; illness outcome; study

Chapter.  6793 words. 

Subjects: Medical Statistics and Methodology

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