Chapter

What is the Old Testament?

P. R. Ackroyd and G. N. Stanton

in Introducing the Old Testament

Published in print March 1990 | ISBN: 9780192132543
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670053 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192132543.003.0003

Series: Oxford Bible Series

What is the Old Testament?

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This chapter clarifies the controversy that has surrounded both the name ‘Old Testament’ and the contents of the collections so described. The ‘Old Testament’ is a Christian title applied to a body of Israelite or Jewish writings. Later on specifically Christian writings were added to this collection to which the title ‘New Testament’ was given. This chapter provides a detailed account of names of the collection of the Old Testament, its contents, and the transmission of the text. The majority of the references in this book are to those passages in the Old Testament whose authority as scripture is accepted within Judaism and by all the Christian Churches. The Old Testament in Judaism is divided into three categories: Law; Prophets, and Writings. The Law is considered as the holiest. The Law itself is consists of five parts: Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers, and Numbers. The chapter also discusses important historical Jewish figures like Joshua, Samuel, and Isaiah.

Keywords: Old Testament; Judaism; Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus

Chapter.  2690 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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