Chapter

Emergency Measures

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution

Published in print October 1997 | ISBN: 9780192149978
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670084 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0003
Emergency Measures

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This chapter examines the remedial measures taken by the Chinese government to address the catastrophic decline in grain output and its impact on people's food consumption during the 1960s. Based on the recommendations of Politburo Standing Committee economists Zhou Enlai and Chen Yun, the government agreed to purchase grain from abroad. Chen Yun also proposed the implementation of the Sixty Articles on Agriculture, stepping up industrial support for agricultural development, and the mobilization of urban residents to the countryside in order to reduce the amount of grain taken from the peasantry for sale in the cities.

Keywords: food shortage; China; grain import; Zhou Enlai; Chen Yun; agricultural policy; urban residents; Sixty Articles

Chapter.  6365 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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