Chapter

A New Course in the Countryside

Roderick MacFarquhar

in The Origins of the Cultural Revolution

Published in print October 1997 | ISBN: 9780192149978
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670084 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.003.0004
A New Course in the Countryside

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This chapter examines the Sixty Articles on Agriculture launched by the Chinese government to relieve the famine, establish an incentive system in the commune system, and reinvigorate agriculture. Immediately after the Ninth Plenum, Chairman Mao gave detailed instructions for the immediate organization and dispatch of three seven-man teams to investigate communes in Guangdong, Hunan, and Zhejiang. After receiving the reports on the investigating teams, Mao already appeared to be willing to consider drastic reform of the communes.

Keywords: Sixty Articles; famine; commune system; Mao Zedong; agricultural policy; Guangdong; Hunan; Zhejiang; China

Chapter.  13663 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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