Book

Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

Edited by P. Elliott, J. Cuzick, D. English and R. Stern

Published in print July 1996 | ISBN: 9780192622358
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723636 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.001.0001
Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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This book addresses both the theoretical and practical issues which arise when describing the geographical distribution of disease and investigating apparent disease clusters. Requirements in terms of population data, disease incidence, and mortality are considered and related to the scale at which a study is being carried out. Statistical methods are reviewed for large scale correlation studies, intermediate scale map smoothing exercises, and small scale clustering investigations. Problems of measuring environmental exposures at different scales are also reviewed. These issues are then related to current practice via a comprehensive set of case studies which include a large correlation study in China, clustering of asthma attacks, the Sellafield-leukaemia cluster, environmental clusters of mesothelioma in Turkey, and a multi-source study of cancer incidence around an incinerator.

Keywords: geographical distribution of disease; disease clusters; population data; disease incidence; mortality; correlation studies; clustering; environmental exposures

Book.  404 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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Table of Contents

Geographical epidemiology and ecological studies in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Small-area studies: purpose and methods in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Mortality data in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Cancer incidence data for adults in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Cancer incidence data for children in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Congenital anomalies in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Specialized registers in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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Population counts in small areas in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

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