Specialized registers

A. Ahlbom and N. Hammar

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology

Published in print July 1996 | ISBN: 9780192622358
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723636 | DOI:
Specialized registers

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All epidemiological investigations require information on the number of cases of the health event under study and on the population and time period that generated the cases. In any country, data on the number of incidence cases is only readily available for a limited number of diseases. Typically, cancer and some infectious diseases are registered, and in some countries birth defects are registered. For most diseases, incidence has to be studied via proxy variables or by information collected in an ad hoc fashion. Thus, there is a need for methods by which diseases that are not covered routinely can be investigated. This chapter evaluates some of the available options. These options vary depending on the disease, the country, and the aim of the specific study in which the disease information will be used. The setting up of a disease register for epidemiologic investigations of myocardial infarction is presented as an example.

Keywords: disease incidence; epidemiological studies; myocardial infarction; cancer; infectious diseases; birth defects

Chapter.  2437 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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