Chapter

Disorders of memory

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print August 1992 | ISBN: 9780192622426
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191724749 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0009
Disorders of memory

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Clinically occurring memory disorders are difficult to classify on the basis of the hypothetical stages of memory. Since memory functions are widely distributed in the brain, memory disturbance forms part of the clinical picture in many pathological states. These include acute conditions associated with alterations in consciousness and chronic conditions secondary to vascular, infective, neoplastic, traumatic, metabolic, and other causes. Such memory disturbances are usually non-specific, involving several stages of memory, and are overshadowed by other clinical features. Much less commonly, relatively selective memory loss occurs and memory disturbance forms the major clinical symptom. These clinical disorders provide a window through which to study the organization of memory in man.

Keywords: memory disorders; clinical features; memory loss; clinical disorders; memory organization

Chapter.  7603 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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