Chapter

Gynaecological cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Second edition

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780192628114
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730115 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0013
Gynaecological cancer

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This chapter covers the most prevalent types of gynaecological cancer, including the universally recognized symptoms and treatment of such diseases. It begins with cervical cancer, which is the third most fatal disease among women. The most common carcinoma of the cervix is the squamous carcinoma. Squamous carcinoma results in distant metastases in the latter stage, affecting the upper regions of the vagina and the pelvic tissue. Endometrial cancer has similar incidence to that of cervical cancer. However, it occurs most in post-menopausal women. This disease metastasizes the cervix and pelvis and in the latter stages metastasizes the lungs. Ovarian cancer often presents with advanced disease. The most common ovarian cancer is the adenocarcinoma or cystadenocarcinoma. This disease affects the pelvis and the abdominal cavity and distantly metastasizes the lungs, liver, and bones in its latter phase. Another type of gynaecological problem is vulval cancer, an uncommon disease that predominantly affects elderly patients and is a result of prolonged skin dystrophy around the vulva. The last gynaecological problem discussed in this chapter is vaginal cancer, a rare disease that affects mostly elderly patients and is associated with chronic irritation secondary to pessary use.

Keywords: gynaecological cancer; cervical cancer; cervix; vagina; pelvic tissue; ovarian cancer; adenocarcinoma; cystadenocarcinoma; vulval cancer; vaginal cancer

Chapter.  8543 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

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