Chapter

Secular trend in obesity

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780192629197
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723612 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0005
Secular trend in obesity

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Early analyses had used standard deviation scores of weight and weight-for-height, but later results, summarized here, used an index of weight-for-height appropriate for ages four to twelve years. Weight-for-height showed an increase from 1972 to 1994 in girls, Scottish children, and older English boys. Graphical analyses showed that the increases began in the early 1980s. Triceps skinfold thickness showed an increase throughout in English children, particularly in older age groups, but levelled off in Scottish children. White inner city boys decreased in fatness as measured by triceps skinfold thickness from 1983 to 1993, while white girls increased in weight-for-height and Indian subcontinent origin girls gained in fatness. The study gave early warning of the population trends to come.

Keywords: boys; ethnic minorities; girls; inner city; obesity; secular trend; triceps skinfold; weight; weight-for-height

Chapter.  3321 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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