Chapter

Factors related to height

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780192629197
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723612 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0006
Factors related to height

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One of the important aims of the study was to assess the factors which influenced height and height gain. These assessments were carried out in two separate samples: the representative and the inner-city samples. Ethnic background, birthweight, and parents' height were the most important factors associated with height. Children from Afro–Caribbean origin were the tallest regardless of social background, and children originating in the Indian subcontinent the smallest. Social factors made less of a contribution to the height of children. Among these factors, number of children in the family, maternal age at delivery, and maternal employment were associated with height, but their effect sizes were moderate or small. Father's social class was only weakly, if at all, associated with height. No consistent association between social factors and height gain could be found.

Keywords: birthweight; child's height; ethnic origin; inner-city; maternal age; number of children; parent's height; social class; social factors

Chapter.  3424 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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