Chapter

Coronary heart disease risk factors in children

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780192629197
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723612 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0008
Coronary heart disease risk factors in children

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This chapter assessed blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and physical fitness in classes in which the majority of the children were nine years old. Approximately 9% of the children had a cholesterol level of 5.2 mmol/l or more, which is considered high. The sum of four skinfolds was positively associated with cholesterol. Sibship number and child's height were negatively associated with cholesterol. There was heterogeneity in the mean cholesterol level between ethnic groups. Height and weight-for-height were positively associated with systolic blood pressure. The chapter also found a small positive association between birthweight and blood pressure, but a negative association with length of gestation. Total skinfold thickness was negatively associated with physical fitness. Many children from the Indian subcontinent had difficulty finishing the six minute test and their performance was the poorest. Adiposity was consistently associated with coronary heart disease risk factors, confirming that obesity is an important indicator to monitor.

Keywords: blood pressure; cycle-ergometer; ethnic background; gestation; obesity; serum cholesterol; weight-for-height

Chapter.  2756 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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