Chapter

NSHG: the auxological perspective

James M. Tanner

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780192629197
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723612 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0015
NSHG: the auxological perspective

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The NSHG has made a strong contribution to auxological epidemiology. The NSHG demonstrated that monitoring of height can be carried out on a continuous basis and report results within a year of the fieldwork. The NSHG has contributed to methodological issues by showing the advantages and disadvantages of a mixed-longitudinal design in nutritional surveillance. The NSHG was also successful in using skinfold callipers for monitoring fatness in a large sample over many rears. The NSHG contributed to a better understanding of the properties of using weight-for-height and skinfold thickness in a monitoring programme. The NSHG made a lasting contribution to the understanding of secular trend of height, demonstrating for example that the secular trend of growth in Afro–Caribbean children continued at a similar rate to that of other ethnic groups, despite being already the tallest. This result provided evidence of a genetic difference in height between ethnic groups.

Keywords: auxology; mixed-longitudinal design; secular trend; measurement reliability; monitoring

Chapter.  2743 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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