Nutrition and cachexia

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780192631411
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730160 | DOI:

Series: Supportive Care Series

Nutrition and cachexia

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This chapter examines the nutritional aspects of cachexia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. It explains that pulmonary cachexia is a frequently occurring complication in patients with chronic respiratory disorders that contributes negatively to health status and quality of life. Tissue depletion is not only the result of a decreased dietary intake, but often of a complex metabolic process. Some of the importance factors that contribute to the resulting muscle depletion are systemic inflammation and a decreased mechanical and metabolic efficiency. Nutritional intervention should ideally include detection characterisation of patients based on measurements of body composition.

Keywords: cachexia; COPD; quality of life; dietary intake; tissue depletion; muscle depletion; systemic inflammation; metabolic disorder; body composition; nutritional intervention

Chapter.  5046 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

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