Chapter

Nutrition and cachexia

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780192631411
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730160 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0014

Series: Supportive Care Series

Nutrition and cachexia

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter examines the nutritional aspects of cachexia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. It explains that pulmonary cachexia is a frequently occurring complication in patients with chronic respiratory disorders that contributes negatively to health status and quality of life. Tissue depletion is not only the result of a decreased dietary intake, but often of a complex metabolic process. Some of the importance factors that contribute to the resulting muscle depletion are systemic inflammation and a decreased mechanical and metabolic efficiency. Nutritional intervention should ideally include detection characterisation of patients based on measurements of body composition.

Keywords: cachexia; COPD; quality of life; dietary intake; tissue depletion; muscle depletion; systemic inflammation; metabolic disorder; body composition; nutritional intervention

Chapter.  5046 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.