Chapter

Bacterial infections

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780192632432
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730375 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0007
Bacterial infections

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This chapter discusses bacteria and the infections brought about by these organisms. Two of the most common infections caused by bacteria are dental caries and periodontal disease. Bacteria are also responsible for infections in the neck and head region including dental abscesses, salivary gland infections, and osteomyelitis. The prevalence of bacterial infections resulted in the increasing focus on the association between oral infections and systemic health as oral infections caused by bacteria can have an adverse effect on the holistic health and welfare of patients, particularly in debilitated patients. Such concerns were spurred on by the assumption that oral cavity can act as a reservoir of respiratory pathogens for elderly and terminally ill patients. Similarly, oral streptococci are a significant cause of bacteria in neutropenic patients with cancer. These bacteria can cause septicaemic shock, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and death in cancer patients and the elderly. This chapter places emphasis on the most prevalent and common oral infections that can pose great dangers to patients with advanced disease. These oral infections include dental caries, dentoalveolar abscess, periodontal disease, salivary gland infections, and oral mucosa infections. Aside from discussing the clinical features of these oral infections, the chapter also provides and suggests methods for managing and treating such infections.

Keywords: bacteria; bacterial infections; oral infections; systemic health; dental caries; dentoalveolar abscess; periodontal disease; salivary gland infections; oral mucosa infections

Chapter.  3603 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

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