Defence, Recruitment, and Piracy 1558–1635

Glanmor Williams

in Renewal and Reformation

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780192852779
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670558 | DOI:

Series: History of Wales

Defence, Recruitment, and Piracy 1558–1635

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Wales’s reputation as a fertile recruiting-ground for fighting men was maintained in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. During these years the threat of invasion had served once again to expose the vulnerability of the Welsh coast at two points: Milford Haven and Anglesey. In the last years of her life, Mary gave her assent to two bills dealing with military recruitment and the defence of her realm. By Elizabeth’s reign, it had become painfully apparent that her armies were falling far behind the standard of Continental forces, in whose midst a military revolution was fast taking place. Despite the reputation of Wales, the defence of Wales itself constituted a heavy liability for the Elizabethan government. Panic concerning Anglesey and Milford Haven resurfaced regularly at times of crisis. The first serious military crisis of the reign came in 1596, when the Rising of Northern Earls irrupted. Piracy was a problem much older than the sixteenth century.

Keywords: Wales; invasion; Milford Haven; Anglesey; Mary; Elizabeth; Rising of Northern Earls; piracy

Chapter.  11104 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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