Chapter

Economic Activity and Change 1536–1642

Glanmor Williams

in Renewal and Reformation

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780192852779
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670558 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852779.003.0016

Series: History of Wales

Economic Activity and Change 1536–1642

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Economic life in Wales was unchanged between 1536 and 1642. The overwhelming majority continued to win its hard-earned livelihood from the non-too-generous land and its resources. If there was no change in the means of production, there were highly significant changes in land ownership and tenure. The easiest way of raising production was to bring more land into use for cultivation or grazing. Major sources of revenue for landlords were rents, entry fines and tithes. The Mines Royal, with its monopoly rights in all other Welsh counties, was chiefly concerned with lead and copper mining and smelting. It was on sea and river communications that Wales depended for conducting a great deal of its commerce. Those engaged in the trade were drawn from a wide mixture of social backgrounds.

Keywords: economy; production; land use; cultivation; grazing; rents; entry fines; tithes; Mines Royal

Chapter.  11831 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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