The Civil Wars and the Interregnum

Glanmor Williams

in The Foundations of Modern Wales

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780192852786
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670565 | DOI:

Series: History of Wales

The Civil Wars and the Interregnum

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)


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This chapter discusses the economic and political conditions of Wales during and immediately after the year 1642. Before the outbreak of civil strife there was a widespread air of foreboding in Wales: ‘the end of the world is not far off’, cried John Griffith of Cefnamwich in Caernarfonshire, as his fellow gentry besought King Charles I and his Parliament to settle their differences amicably. Hopes of avoiding bloodshed faded and following the bitter strife of civil war, Parliament was purged by the army, the king was executed, the monarchy and the House of Lords were temporarily abolished, and a republican government ruled for eleven years. The mass of the Welsh people, remote from London and preoccupied chiefly with the task of making ends meet, was bewildered to find that political crisis at Westminster had led to civil war and republican rule.

Keywords: 1642; civil war; Wales; John Griffith; King Charles I; parliament; army; monarchy; House of Lords; London

Chapter.  18518 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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