Chapter

The Firman

William St. Clair

in Lord Elgin and the Marbles

Third edition

Published in print June 1998 | ISBN: 9780192880536
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670596 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192880536.003.0009
The Firman

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In May 1801, the Ottoman government had been able to issue Lord Elgin's requested firman which would give his agents in Athens certain privileges. Although the exact contents of this first firman were not made known, it probably involved requiring the Ottoman officials to allow Elgin's artists into the Acropolis, to acquire and establish scaffolding, and to construct moulds. However, it was no longer of any use when it arrived since it was sent directly through Ottoman channels. The British intelligence system started its operations as soon as the French forces began their assembly at Toulon. Since the French were believed to target Greece, the Turks signalled the military governors to ready their fortresses. Lusieri and Logotheti wrote to Elgin about making a new firman that would enable the continuation of the artists' work. This chapter examines the key features and the objectives of the second and clearer firman.

Keywords: first firman; second firman; artists' privileges; continuation of work; objectives; features

Chapter.  4979 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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