Chapter

Fallacies in EEG

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain

Second edition

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195050387
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865673 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0002
 Fallacies in EEG

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The highly interdisciplinary nature of EEG is apparently the main reason why many fallacies have appeared in EEG and, in some cases, persisted over long periods. Common EEG fallacies occur on both side of the normal division between the physical and biological sciences. This chapter presents a summary of fallacies with minimal supporting arguments, which are considered in more detail throughout the book. Topics include: the chauvinism of spatial scale (the attitude that data recorded at one scale is more scientific than others), the myth of the quiet reference, use and misuse of mathematical models, the EEG folklore, appropriate and inappropriate methods of EEG data analysis, the often-adopted mantra “artifact-free” data, the extreme non-uniqueness and (often) unreliability of source localization, advantages and limitations of high resolution EEG, over-promotion of brain magnetic field recordings (MEG), and “pacemaker” icons adopted as a psychological crutch to avoid genuine scientific issues.

Keywords: artifact-free data; source localization; MEG; high resolution EEG; quiet reference; reference electrode; pacemaker

Chapter.  18561 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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