Chapter

Nationalism before List

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0006
Nationalism before List

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The chapter discusses preconditions for the rise of nationalism. The French Revolution contributed directly to the formation of nationalism as it created a modern nation in France and contributed to the rise and the spread of nationalism via a direct military and political impact beyond France. Some of the efforts of the French Revolution contributed to the formation of nationalist ideology. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who is one of the major contributors to the theories of nationalism, contributed to the formation of a natinalist ideology. He argued that a nation exists independently of the state. Polish resistance also helped to make nationalism an intellectual and political force as it illustrated a classic case of a nation fighting for a state. This had a direct ideological significance in the history of nationalism. The Protestant Reformation had an important, albeit indirect, effect on nationalism and this was due to the translation of the Bible into a vernacular.

Keywords: nationalism; French Revolution; nationalist ideology; Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Polish resistance; Protestant Reformation

Chapter.  7309 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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