Chapter

Friedrich List: 1789–1846

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0007
Friedrich List: 1789–1846

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The chapter gives a short but extensive autobiography of Friedrich List. He contributed greatly to the movement for economic and political unification of Germany. He was mostly remembered as a promoter of the railroad. He considered the railroad as an essential precondition for Germany's economic unification. Even when he was young, he shared the ideas and values of political and cultural nationalists which can be shown clearly by his reform plans for the German confederation. List was an ideologist of industrialism and industrialization. He was the only thinker who welcomed the Industrial Revolution and its political, social, and cultural consequences. He called for reform and not revolution. He wanted to give the Germans a new life and a sense of purpose. The last major cause that he participated in was the movement for raising the Zollverein tariff to stimulate industrial growth.

Keywords: Friedrich List; political unification; economic unification; cultural nationalists; German confederation; Industrial Revolution; Zollverein Tariff

Chapter.  8285 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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