Chapter

The National System: Freedom Versus Organization

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0009
The National System: Freedom Versus Organization

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List's theory of stages gives a basis for nation-to-nation comparison. As per List, all nations must be able to pass the following stages to attain industrial development: barbarism, pastoral, agricultural, agricultural-manufacturing, and agricultural-manufacturing-commercial. To be able to attain a higher level, it was necessary to use the power of the state. List's greatest theoretical achievement was the idea of productive power. He thought that it is more important than wealth itself. He established high standards for national goals and national leadership. He was a promoter of German industrialization. In fact, he became a favorite theorist of those “torried-zone” nations. Marx and List shared specific assumptions about the requirements a nation needs to qualify for participating in the future progress of history. However, they both took for granted the existence of civil society.

Keywords: List; industrial development; national leadership; German industrialization; civil society

Chapter.  8637 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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