Chapter

Nationalism: The Unity of Theory and Practice

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.003.0010
Nationalism: The Unity of Theory and Practice

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The outcome of the revolutions from years 1848–9 was a great failure from the point of view of Marx and communism and of German, Italian, Polish, and Hungarian nationalisms. “Peasant” nations demanded the realization of their cultural, political, and socioeconomic aspirations. Frantisck Palacky helped establish a new national community from an ethnic group. This was supported by Miroslav Hroch who proposed the three-stage periodization of national movements. Eventually, the defeat of nationalism proved to be temporary. Germany and Italy became united after two decades. Hungary gained virtual independence in domestic affairs within the Hapsburg monarchy. The national movements of the nonhistoric people became stronger. As the Ottoman Empire declined, one Balkan area after another became independent. Areas of the Russian empire demanded recognition and respect. Nationalism became a program and a movement for the establishment of new kinds of communities. This was the unanticipated triumph of the nationalist ideology.

Keywords: peasant nations; Frantisck Palacky; Hapsburg monarchy; Ottoman Empire; nations

Chapter.  6706 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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