After 1848: Nationalists Face the Social Problem

Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI:
After 1848: Nationalists Face the Social Problem

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The chapter discusses the second part of the 19th century when nationalism took on a new direction. It turned to the right and defined itself as the enemy of socialism. The doctrine of List responded to the Industrial Revolution by accepting the ideals of the French Revolution. Nationalism had adopted a strong pro-industrialization stand in its overall program for a unified national state. German nationalism changed as it adopted the Prussian state and the noble class. It drew on Marxism as a guide. In other parts of the world where Listian nationalism was practiced, nationalism departed from the classical European model. It was spreading quickly in Europe and Asia. Japan liked List's advocacy of free trade. List also found followers in India. However, it was in Russia that the first nationalization of communism took place. It was there where Marxism found itself in power.

Keywords: nationalism; enemy of socialism; List's doctrine; Industrial Revolution; French Revolution; pro-industrialization; unified national state; German nationalism

Chapter.  5109 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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