Roman Szporluk

in Communism and Nationalism

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780195051032
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854417 | DOI:

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The ideas of Marx and List impacted on the revolutionary period in Russia. The events of that period marked a turning point in the history of socialism, Marxism, and the international labor movement. They were all equally important to Russia, Russia nationalism, and nationalism everywhere. However Marxism or Marxism-Leninism is a variant of nationalism. Thus, Marixm-Leninism became a doctrine of national liberation. Marxism won in Russia but it only did if it transformed to nationalism. This new nationalism had three components: Marxism, Listianism, and Russian political tradition. The truth is Nationalism cannot be contained in a pigeonhole of capitalism or communism. Nationalism has established itself, in the Third World, as the third force. It can be an ally or a rival of capitalism and communism. The history of the world was transformed by Marxism and nationalism but the world is continuously changing due to the impact of science.

Keywords: Marx; List; Russian Revolution; socialism; international labor movement; Russia nationalism; Marxism; national liberation

Chapter.  6804 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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