Chapter

Abolition

BERNARD LEWIS

in Race and Slavery in the Middle East

Published in print June 1992 | ISBN: 9780195053265
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854561 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053265.003.0011
Abolition

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The chapter focuses on the revulsion against slavery which gave rise to a strong abolitionist movement in England during the nineteenth century. This also affected other Western countries including Islamic Islands. It gave rise to the alleviation, the restriction, and eventually the elimination of the slave trade. The processes of acquisition and transportation were what drew the attention of the Europeans to slavery. It was the elimination of this traffic, which was centered in Africa, to which their main efforts were directed. It was from the conservative religious quarters and from the holy cities of Mecca and Medina that the strongest resistance to the proposed reforms came. The gradual reduction and elimination of slavery were accomplished in most Muslim countries during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Chattel slavery was abolished by law. The last to enact legal abolition appears to have been in Mauritania.

Keywords: slavery; abolitionist movement; nineteenth century; Islamic Islands; slave trade; Mecca; Medina; Chattel slavery

Chapter.  3678 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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