From South of the Border: Hispanic Minorities in the United States

Alejandro Portes

in Immigration Reconsidered

Published in print January 1991 | ISBN: 9780195055108
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854219 | DOI:
From South of the Border: Hispanic Minorities in the United States

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This chapter locates the most recent Hispanic minorities in the United States—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and various Caribbean peoples from Cuba and Santo Domingo—at still another point in the development of world capitalism. To understand the formation of these ethnic groups, the chapter examines their immigration to North America and the expansion of the United States into colonial and postcolonial communities on its immediate periphery. Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Cuba offer different examples of the exploitation of local resources including labor, as in Mexico and Puerto Rico, or direct United States political intervention, as occurred more recently in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Santo Domingo. The result appears to be a paradox: certain immigrant groups were actually Americanized before they came to the United States.

Keywords: Hispanic minorities; United States; Mexicans; Puerto Ricans; Cuba; Latin America; Spanish

Chapter.  11565 words. 

Subjects: Theory, Methods, and Historiography

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