In his second inaugural address of 1917, President Woodrow Wilson declared the end of post-colonial isolation and the beginning of international leadership. Once World War I was over, transatlantic relations in music reflected such sentiments as much as they did in politics. France, the United States's wartime ally, became its peacetime friend. Forces of internationalization resounded throughout the new music scene. In 1920, the Prix de Rome was first awarded, launching a fellowship program for creative artists at the American Academy in Rome that continues to the present. The Conservatoire Américain at Fontainebleau opened the following year in France, initiating an ambitious, long-reaching Franco-American interchange. There and then the young Nadia Boulanger welcomed Aaron Copland as a pupil, the first of many gifted American musicians who entered her studio during the next half of the century.
Keywords: new music; France; United States; modernist music; composers; New York City; concerts; International Composers' Guild; League of Composers; Copland-Sessions Concerts
Chapter. 10730 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: American Music
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