Chapter

National Socialism, the Third Reich, and the Music Scene

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse

Published in print April 1997 | ISBN: 9780195096200
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199870219 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0002
National Socialism, the Third Reich, and the Music Scene

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This chapter begins with a discussion of the tough economic situation faced by Germany's hundred thousand or so musicians, fewer than half of whom were devoted to the so-called classics, or “serious music.” During the first years of the Nazi regime, the fate of these musicians was hardly atypical; in fact, their personal difficulties were symptomatic of the widespread economic confusion that characterized the cultural scene in Germany following the last years of the Weimar Republic. The root cause could be traced back to January 1933. At that time the new Hitler regime had inherited from the republic a stagnant economy marked by high unemployment and low wages. This unemployment subsided only gradually; it was not until 1936 that it fell below that of 1928-29, and full employment was not achieved until 1938-39. Nazi agencies of music administration and Nazi musical careers are discussed.

Keywords: Nazi regime; music; musicians; musical careers

Chapter.  16501 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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