Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse

Published in print April 1997 | ISBN: 9780195096200
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199870219 | DOI:
Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise

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This chapter begins with a description of the careers of conductor Hans Knappertsbusch and musician Clemens Krauss during the Nazi regime. Knappertsbusch lost importance steadily throughout the Nazi regime, mainly because Adolf Hitler never liked him. Krauss became director of the Frankfurt Opera in 1924 at the age of thirty-two, and in 1929 he was appointed director of the Wiener Staatsoper as well as, a year later, the city's philharmonic concerts. After taking over Oskar Walleck's title of intendant in 1938, he became one of the most powerful musicians of the Third Reich. The chapter then focuses on groups of musicians in the Third Reich who had to seek some, often formalized, association with the regime for the sake of furthering or maintaining their careers.

Keywords: Hans Knappertsbusch; Clemens Krauss; conductors; musicians; Nazi regime; Third Reich

Chapter.  17649 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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