Chapter

Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians

Michael H. Kater

in The Twisted Muse

Published in print April 1997 | ISBN: 9780195096200
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199870219 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.003.0004
Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians

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This chapter begins with a discussion of Nazi anti-Semitic policy in the music sector. It then discusses Jewish musicians under Nazi rule, Jewish flight and exile, and exiled non-Jewish musicians. On 7 April 1933 the anti-Semitic Nazi government promulgated the so-called Law for the Reconstitution of the Civil Service. It called for the dismissal of Jewish employees in the public realm, excepting at first only a very few, such as veterans of World War I. By the fall of 1935 those exceptions were, by and large, cancelled. In terms of ideology, oppressive action by agencies of the Nazi state against Jewish musicians was predicated on a supposed antithesis between what was officially regarded as discrete categories of German music on the one side and Jewish music on the other. But try as they might, the Nazis could not define either German or Jewish music on the basis of empirically discernible evidence.

Keywords: Nazi regime; Third Reich; Jewish musicians; anti-Semitism

Chapter.  28049 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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