Chapter

Four Poles of the Good Society

James ƠToole

in The Executive's Compass

Published in print August 1995 | ISBN: 9780195096446
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854875 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096446.003.0003
Four Poles of the Good Society

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This chapter provides a more detailed explanation of the four “great themes of political argument”, being Liberty, Equality, Efficiency, and Community. Liberty describes actions in these three spheres — religion, politics, and economics. This chapter also discusses the different views that philosophers have towards liberty and these three spheres and the emergence of Libertarianism. Equality is tackled in congruence with inequality, the latter being a fairly ancient concept ranging from social inequality — caste, class, gender and race — to property and economic equality and the emergence of Democratic Egalitarianism and Contemporary Egalitarianism. The chapter also discusses efficiency, more particularly, economic efficiency and Plato's anti-egalitarian and anti-democratic Republic. It discusses the science of economic efficiency and Contemporary Corporatism. Community is described from the viewpoint of Communitarians. The history and meaning of Community is also included, and the author compares Communitarians and Libertarians, and Egalitarians and Corporatists.

Keywords: liberty; equality; efficiency; community; libertarianism; egalitarianism; Communitarians; Corporatism

Chapter.  20646 words. 

Subjects: Public Management and Administration

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