Emotional Expressions

James D. Laird

in Feelings

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195098891
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199893614 | DOI:

Series: Series in Affective Science

Emotional Expressions

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This chapter focuses on facial expressions. It describes many studies in which people were induced to adopt facial expressions and then reported corresponding feelings. A very large number of studies have demonstrated that changing a person's facial expressions will produce corresponding changes in emotional feelings. A number of kinds of data indicate that these effects are not attributable to experimental demand, but that there are other data and arguments that will strengthen this conclusion. The effects of expressions on feelings also are large enough to justify further theoretical elaboration. However, they do not occur in all people. Instead, consistent, reliable differences in the effects of expressions on feelings have been observed.

Keywords: facial expressions; feelings; William James; emotions

Chapter.  12437 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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