“Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie

Fatma Müge Göçek

in Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire

Published in print May 1996 | ISBN: 9780195099256
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854547 | DOI:
“Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie

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This chapter focuses on the effects of Western ideas on the Ottoman social structure and the new visions it produced. New concepts of civilized society produced new organizational groups that emphasized the efficiency and allegiance to the Ottoman state instead of loyalty to the sultan and his household. These concepts was disparately interpreted and created a gap between Ottoman social groups. As a consequence of their differential location in the Ottoman social structure, the most significant divide emerged along religious lines as the Muslims and minorities developed separate visions. The establishment of newspapers in the 19th century illustrates the pattern of the circulation of Western ideas in the Ottoman society that polarized the Ottoman bourgeoisie along religious lines into bureaucrats and merchants.

Keywords: Western ideas; civilized society; organizational groups; Ottoman state; religious Muslims; visions; newspapers; polarization; bureaucrats; merchants

Chapter.  11971 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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