Chapter

Functional Role of the Human Hippocampus

Stark Craig

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print December 2006 | ISBN: 9780195100273
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864133 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0012

Series: Oxford Neuroscience Series

Functional Role of the Human Hippocampus

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This chapter examines data from human amnesic patients, data from electrophysiological recordings in humans, and data from functional neuroimaging studies to address the question: What does the human hippocampus do? Among the conclusions reached is that along with the adjacent cortical structures in the parahippocampal gyrus, the human hippocampal region is critically involved in memory for facts and events (explicit or declarative memory). The hippocampal region and the adjacent cortex are not involved in immediate or working memory process and are not involved in a wide range of implicit or nondeclarative long-term memory process (although they may be used in working memory or implicit tasks that evoke declarative processes).

Keywords: amnesia; electrophysical recordings; functional neuroimaging; hippocampal function

Chapter.  26554 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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