Chapter

Multiple Realities: The Third Way of Knowing

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780195102888
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854943 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0004
Multiple Realities: The Third Way of Knowing

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One of the first systems that mark a transition between the old and new ways of thinking is the Kantian IS. It combines the “model part” of Analysis and the “data part” of Agreement into an interactive whole. Since Kant's ideas form the general background framework of this IS, the authors first discuss the prominent features of the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. This chapter also introduces the concept of Multiple Realities or the necessity of viewing all important problems from multiple viewpoints. According to this IS, model and data form an inseparable whole. It argues that the data one collects from the world are a strong function of the images, models, and/or theories people have of it. Further, since the decision-maker plays such a strong and fundamental role for this IS, it is also often called Interpretive Systems.

Keywords: knowing; Kantian IS; Analysis; Agreement; Immanuel Kant; Multiple Realities; Interpretive Systems; decision-maker

Chapter.  7067 words. 

Subjects: Innovation

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