Chapter

Jewish Communal Reconstruction in the Former Soviet Union

Zvi Gitelman

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XI: Values, Interests, and Identity

Published in print May 1996 | ISBN: 9780195103311
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854585 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195103311.003.0009

Series: Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Jewish Communal Reconstruction in the Former Soviet Union

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The fall of communism in 1991 radically changed the political dimension of Jewish life in the former Soviet Union. The most obvious transformation, of course, was that which resulted from the shattering of the Soviet Union into fifteen or sixteen independent states. No longer is there a single policy toward Jews on the territory of the former Soviet Union. In the Ukraine, the Baltic, and other states, prominent political leaders have explicitly renounced antisemitism and have pledged that the new states will not discriminate against Jews and will guarantee their civil and cultural rights. This has brought about a major change in the Jewish situation and the one on which this chapter will concentrate: the opportunity to rebuild Jewish institutions and communities, which, except for some synagogues, had been destroyed by the Soviet regime back in the 1920s.

Keywords: communism; former Soviet Union; Jews; antisemitism; institutions; communities; Ukraine

Chapter.  11041 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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