Chapter

Models of Treatment in Clinical Practice

Larry E. Beutler, John F. Clarkin and Bruce Bongar

in Guidelines for the Systematic Treatment of the Depressed Patient

Published in print February 2000 | ISBN: 9780195105308
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199848522 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195105308.003.0013

Series: Guidebooks in Clinical Psychology

Models of Treatment in                             Clinical Practice

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The variety of mental health treatments must be understood, at least partially, as a reflection of evolving sets of values and assumptions, sharing certain common theoretical roots along with some distinctive perspectives. Each new treatment development introduces new assumptions about what causes change, and these assumptions, in turn, contribute to the evolution of a society's philosophy about the nature of the people who live within the society itself. Biological models, psychodynamic models, and behavioral models of change all reflect different assumptions about depression, and all come from slightly different branches on the evolutionary tree of knowledge. Each has been built on models that went before, but the evolution of each was accepted only because it occurred within a nurturing culture or subculture and at a time when those views were ecologically compatible with the particular social groups who gave them recognition. In developing and presenting our basic and optimal treatment guidelines, we elected to abandon reliance on techniques and procedures that derive from specific theories of psychopathology.

Keywords: mental health; treatments; biological models; psychodynamic models; behavioral models; depression; psychopathology

Chapter.  17819 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Psychology

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