Muhammad and the Caliphate

Fred M. Donner

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Muhammad and the Caliphate

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Islam as a religion and civilization made its entry onto the world stage with the life and career of the Prophet Muhammad ibn Abd Allah (ca. 570-632) in western Arabia. After his death, a series of successors called caliphs claimed political authority over the Muslim community. During the period of the caliphate, Islam grew into a religious tradition and civilization of worldwide importance. This chapter traces the history of Islam against the cultural background of 6th-century Arabia and, more generally, the Near East.

Keywords: historical setting; Muslims; Muhammad; community of Believers; caliphate

Chapter.  24409 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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