Law and Society

Mohammad Hashim Kamali

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Law and Society

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This chapter addresses the different aspects of Islamic law that relates to the concerns of Muslim society. It begins with an explanation of the two terms, Shariah and fiqh, which are often used interchangeably but are not identical. The history and sources of Islamic law are discussed, followed by a review of the distinctive contributions of the leading schools of law to the development of fiqh. The Shariah is then characterized, beginning with a discussion of its religious and moral dimensions, followed by explorations of continuity and change, the scope of interpretation, and rational analysis (talil). The chapter ends with a survey of recent reforms in Muslim countries that are seeking to adapt Islamic law to the concerns of modern society.

Keywords: Islamic law; Shariah; fiqh; Muslim society

Chapter.  18400 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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