Chapter

Science, Medicine, and Technology

Ahmad Dallal

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Science, Medicine, and Technology

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This chapter explores the history of Islamic science. It begins with a discussion of the cultural context of early Muslim science then examines some episodes in the development of various Arabic scientific disciplines. These include astronomy, mathematics, optics, engineering and technology, medicine, botany, and pharmacology. Religion neither shaped the cognitive content of the sciences nor did it impede their development. The overall outcome of the religious discourse on science was not to subjugate science to religion, but to separate the two enterprises.

Keywords: Islam; science; astronomy; mathematics; optics; engineering; technology; medicine; botany; pharmacology

Chapter.  21909 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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